Changes in the appearance of the eye, and vison disorders

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Changes in the appearance of the eye, and vison disorders

August 30th, 2017 / zjadmin / 0 comments

In order to enjoy healthy vision into our later years we need to take care of it and learn how to recognise any alarming signals sent by the eyes. Prompt action and fixing an appointment with an ophthalmologist are the best things to do when you feel anything is wrong with your eyes. Regular appointments (twice a year) can protect you against such illnesses as cataract, glaucoma and so on. Prevention regarding the sight of young ones is equally important as it is with adults. Children’s sight is still being formed and spatial vision is formed up to the eighth year of life. The first ophthalmologist or orthoptist appointment should be, dear mums and dads, planned in the first year of your child’s life. Why? Some diseases, like for example retinoblastoma can be discovered in children only several months old, so it is not worth postponing the appointment until the child is older. Before we move to a list of commonly appearing visual disorders and changes in eye appearance, please familiarise yourself with the following brief guidelines:

“What good may be done for my sight every day?”

  1. 1. Make ophthalmologist appointments (or certified orthoptist appointments) twice a year, for both you and your child.,
  2. 2. Perform eyeball muscle exercises regularly – they relax your sight as well as strengthen it!

Relax your sight and mind, along with the following:
1. #BLINKING: Blink your eyes quickly for about a minute.

2. #MASSAGE WITH THUMBS: Close the eyes and massage the eyeballs gently, in a circular motion with the outer part of your thumbs for two minutes. Alternately: one eyeball and then the other. Try to massage the eyeballs carefully as the surface of the eye is very delicate. See our video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDtEjojIa8c.

Zachęcamy do obejrzenia całego materiału: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDtEjojIa8c.

3. #CIRCLES – MOVE YOUR EYES SLOWLY IN A LARGE CIRCLE SHAPE: firstly clockwise (to the right) and then to the left. Don’t move your head. After few times look straight ahead and blink your eyes quickly.
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*This video constitutes a presentation of some chosen fragments of the original broadcast: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDtEjojIa8c.

4. EYEBALL MOVEMENT IN THE HORIZONTAL PLANE – sit comfortably in front of a wall and slowly, without moving your head, look to the left. Then look slowly to the right. After a few of these, look straight ahead. Then repeat this eyeball movement to the left and to the right. Regular exercises reduce so-called accommodative spasm (more on accommodative spasm on our blog, in the post: “Efficient eye protection when using mobile devices”)

  1. 3. Enrich your diet with nutrients rich in lutein, vitamin A and E and omega-3 acids, which are beneficial for your sight!
  2. RECENTLY, BEE POLLEN IS INCREASINGLY BEING MORE COMMONLY USED AND IT IS MIRACULOUS! IT HAS OVER 300 INGREDIENTS WHICH HAVE A BENEFICIAL IMPACT ON EYES. POLLEN IMPROVES THE CLARITY OF VISION THANKS TO VITAMIN A AND RIBOFLAVINE (VITAMIN B2)!

  3. 4. During heavy sunlight exposure always wear sunglasses with lenses equipped with UV filters! There are four #UV filter categories for sunglasses:

    – 1. i 2. category – designed for cloudy days, when daylight is weak or for places with fixed, moderate,
    – 3. category – for driving glasses (the ones use when driving a car),
    – 4. category – the strongest filters; designed for holiday purposes, hiking, skiing, walking on a #beach;

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    Source: fakt.pl | |

    Remember to protect your eyes (especially CHILDREN’S eyes!) everyday; regardless of your iris colour you should wear sunglasses with lenses equipped with #UV #filters.

    VISION DISORDERS AND CHANGES IN THE APPEARANCE OF THE EYE

    FLYING SCOTOMAS (FLOATERS):

    Do you ever happen to see dark, flying spots, threads, “bugs” within your field of vision (especially when looking at a uniform surface, at the sky, at a white sheet of paper)? The specialists call them floaters. They can impede eyesight as they cast a shadow on the retina. Why do they appear? In the vitreous body, accretions accumulate and degenerative changes develop in the eye tissue. They are natural and should only appear from time to time. In a situation when we see them often and there is more of them and they are accompanied by light areas, impulses or light smudges you should consult an ophthalmologist immediately. These symptoms may be a sign of the detachment of the vitreous body, retinal detachment, retina breakage or bleeding within the vitreous body!

    Floaters do not make your sight worse and in general it is not necessary to treat them; however if they make your/ your child’s life difficult it is worth making an appointment with an ophthalmologist.

    DOUBLE VISION::

    This usually occurs when the eyeball muscles, which control the setting of eyeball, don’t function properly. The unequal strain causes each eye to see a given object at a different angle and thereby pictures in the brain are split instead of being evened out, and everything you/ the child sees has a double contour! Spatial vision begins to form from the 8th year of life so the sooner any abnormality in the eyeball muscle is diagnosed the better chance a child has of regaining normal seeing ability. This kind of affliction should be consulted upon with an ophthalmologist/ certified orthoptist promptly. Sometimes double vision is connected with a viral inflammation of the cranial nerves. It may also be a symptom of diabetes, a stroke or one of the initial signs of MS (multiple sclerosis)!

    EYEBALL PROPTOSIS:

    Proptosis often comes with hyperthyroidism, which accompanies Graves – Badesow disease. As a result of this illness a swelling and outgrowth of all tissues within the orbital cavity occurs. Due to this, the eyeballs are pushed upfront. Hyperthyroidism treatment is not only a priority in such a situation, the procedure of ablation of excessive tissue is a must. Negligence in treatment may cause gradual sight loss!

    HETEROCHROMIA:

    HETEROCHROMIA concerns a deficiency or excess of pigment in the iris. It may be partial (e.g. part of a blue iris is hazel) or total (one iris is green and other e.g. blue). It is estimated that approximately 1% of the whole population suffers from this genetically determined defect (congenital defect). Nevertheless, sometimes heterochromia has a secondary character and appears as a result of eye injury, retinal inflammation, conjunctiva tumours, aneurysm, or neurofibromatosis (NF) type 1. A difference in iris colouration is usually not treated as it does not contribute to vision deterioration. If such defect is acquired then treatment is applied with respect to the disease(s) which caused it.

    EYELID TREMBLE:

    When the eyelid trembles it is a sign of magnesium shortage. A shortage of this element causes muscle spasms. Eyelid tremble also accompanies cornea micro traumas with dry eye syndrome. Direct causes of eyelid tremble may also be long-term stress and, very rarely, nervous system disorders. When trembling becomes difficult to stand it is worth seeing a physician or paediatrician for a prescription for diet supplements with high magnesium content and also enriching your diet with products which contain this element (buckwheat, wholemeal bread, nuts).

    YELLOW BLEBS (CLUMPS) ON THE EYELIDS:

    Known as xanthelasma or xantoma – these appear as a warning of an increased level of cholesterol. When the cholesterol level in the system is too high such deposits appear on the eyelids and the nose. The level of cholesterol and triglycerides should be checked immediately. If the results show a significant deviation from normal levels the doctor will advise a change in your diet. In addition to this, diet supplements can help, but the best option is to exercise more, drink more fluids, limit the sedentary style of life (within possible limits) and go outdoors as often as possible!

    BAGS UNDER THE EYES:

    Visible swelling under the eyes is a sign of health problems. If they appear all of a sudden because of a sleepless night, a large amount of alcohol, or cigarettes, it may be a sign of several diseases such as those connected with the adrenal or thyroid glands, or even a blood circulation disorder.

    LOSS OF IMAGE IN CENTRE OF FIELD OF VIEW::

    Reasons for this vision defect may be:
    – damage to the central part of the retina, so called eyespot,
    – degenerative retina disease,
    – blockage which causes inadequate blood supply,
    – MS (multiple sclerosis) – this disease initially attacks the optic nerve conducting neural impulses from the retina to the brain.

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